Teaching Early Reading and Phonics
Phonics is an approach to teaching reading, and some aspects of writing and spelling, by developing learners’ phonemic awareness. A phoneme is the smallest unit of speech that can be used to make one word different from another word. Phonics involves the skills of hearing, identifying and using sound patterns or phonemes in English. The aim is to teach learners the relationship between these sounds(phonemes) and the written spelling patterns, or graphemes (letters) which represent them. Children are taught to say the sound as purely as possible. Children are encouraged to segment (break down) a word they hear into its’ individual sounds, starting from the first sound and working systematically through the word. Phonics emphasises the skills of decoding new words by sounding them out and combining or ‘blending’ the sound-spelling patterns. Blending and segmenting are reversible processes and are taught explicitly.
Systematic, synthetic phonics
Phonics teaching is a key priority at Hardwicke. Phonics is taught daily in EYFS and Key Stage 1, discretely, explicitly and in an agreed and orderly sequence at a brisk pace that is well matched to the children’s developing abilities(see progression document). Phonics refers to the process of blending (synthesising) the individual sounds in a word together, working from left to right, to read them. Learning to read and write in English is particularly difficult because written English uses a complex alphabetic code, which is why it needs to be taught by a systematic approach which goes from the simple to the more complex.
The Rose Report
In line with the Rose Report 2006, beginner readers are taught:
• grapheme–phoneme correspondences in a clearly defined, incremental sequence
• to apply the highly important skill of blending (synthesising) phonemes in the order in which they occur, all through a word to read it
• to apply the skills of segmenting words into their constituent phonemes to spell
• that blending and segmenting are reversible processes
There are 26 letters in the alphabet and it is generally accepted that English has 44 sounds. The structure of phonics learning is based on the Letters and Sounds Framework which divides these 44 sounds into six distinct phases. At Hardwicke Primary Academy, children in EYFS are introduced to new phonic sounds during daily phonics sessions and this is embedded through a variety of creative activities.
Our children are introduced to the 44 sounds, a sound is taught and associated with a specific action and rhyme or song.
Children are taught to read words that are not phonetically regular, often called ‘tricky’ words. Children need to be taught to read these tricky words by sight, so that they do not have to spend time ‘sounding them out.’ At Hardwicke, teachers regularly help the children to practise their speedy recall of tricky words, often with something as simple as flashcards and key rings.
High-quality phonic teaching, will reduce the number of children who fall below age-related expectations. Therefore, at Hardwicke, we use robust and continuous assessment of children’s phonic progress which is used to identify those with additional needs, including those with specific learning difficulties. These children will require immediate and sustained additional support to close the gap with their peers. Where this is the case, parents/carers will be informed.
Cookies are small data files that are placed on your computer or mobile device when you visit a website. Cookies are widely used by online service providers in order to (for example) make their websites or services work, or to work more efficiently, as well as to provide reporting information.
Cookies set by the website owner or service provider (in this case, eSchools) are called “first party cookies”. Cookies set by parties other than the website owner are called “third party cookies”. Third party cookies enable third party features or functionality to be provided on or through the website or service you are using (such as advertising, interactive content and analytics). The third parties that set these third party cookies can recognise your computer both when it visits the website or service in question and also when it visits certain other websites or services.
We use first party and third party cookies for several reasons. Some cookies are required for technical reasons in order for our Services to operate, and we refer to these as “essential” cookies. Other cookies enable us and the third parties we work with to track and target the interests of visitors to our Services, and we refer to these as “advertising” or “analytical” cookies. For example, the embedding of YouTube and Vimeo videos, as added by individual schools will require “advertising” cookies to be enabled in order to successfully play them. Schools that, for example, opt to track visitor data using Google Analytics will require “analytical” cookies to be enabled in order to do so. These third party cookies are used to tailor content and information that we may send or display to you and otherwise personalise your experience while interacting with our Services and to otherwise improve the functionality of the Services we provide. We also enable schools to employ cookies and similar tracking technologies in connection with their use of our Services in order to allow them to track visitors to and interactions with, their school website.
Our Services allows schools to embed code which may potentially contain cookies. Please note embedded content, if displayed on one our websites, has been added by the school and not by eSchools. The embedded content added by the school may require additional cookies or tracking technologies to be enabled in order to function.
You have the right to decide whether to accept or reject cookies. Be aware that cookie preferences are set on a per device basis; therefore you may need to set your preferences on each device you use.
Initial cookie pop-up banner: You can exercise preferences about what cookies are served on our Websites by selecting your preference from this modal which appears upon visiting an eSchools website/login screen and dashboard. You can also change your cookie preferences by clicking on the link on the footer of any page. The banner will reappear annually (August 31st to coincide with the academic year) to confirm your settings.
Disabling Most Interest Based Advertising: Most advertising networks offer you a way to opt out of Interest Based Advertising. We will not, without your express consent, supply your personal information to any third party for the purpose of their or any other third party's direct marketing. If you would like to find out more information, please visit http://www.aboutads.info/choices/ or http://www.youronlinechoices.com.
Mobile Advertising: You can opt out of having your mobile advertising identifiers used for certain types of Interest Based Advertising, by accessing the settings in your Apple or Android mobile device and following the most recent published instructions. We will not, without your express consent, supply your personal information to any third party for the purpose of their or any other third party's direct marketing.